Facts to Help You Care for Your Foal

Foal with mare in a grassy field

Facts About Foals

Will your mare be foaling soon? Here are a few facts you'll want to keep in mind during the foal's first days and months.

Foals Don't Waste Any Time Standing

Foals may be shaky on their feet at first, but they usually manage to stand an hour or two after they're born. If your foal hasn't stood after two hours or seems to be having trouble standing, let your equine veterinarian know immediately.

The First 24 Hours Are Crucial for Your Foal's Health and Well-Being

Once the foal has been safely delivered and is nursing, it might seem as if your job is done. Unfortunately, if you don't check in on the foal and mare frequently during the first day, you may miss potential problems.

Call your equine vet if the foal doesn't nurse within the first three to five hours, doesn't defecate in the first four hours, has diarrhea, doesn't seem alert, or if the mare seems to be rejecting the foal. Scheduling an appointment with your veterinarian hours after the foal is born will help protect the health of both the foal and the mare.

Foals Benefit from Early Hoof Trimming

The Utah State University Cooperative Extension recommends trimming the foal's hooves three to four weeks after birth. The Extension notes that hoof trimming can help foals maintain correct leg structure and may even correct minor deviations. If you wait to trim until the horse is a year old, it may not be possible to make corrections.

Early Weaning May Not Be Necessary

If your foals have weaned between 4 and 7 months in the past, you may want to reconsider your weaning timeline. Separating the mare and foal to force weaning might increase stress and could cause aggression, sleep pattern changes, and other long-term issues for the foal.

In a study published in Animals in February 2020, French researchers reported that foals that weaned spontaneously at 9 to 10 months showed no effects of stress. They also noted that later weaning didn't lead to rejection by the foal or the mare.

Foals Need Small Feed Portions

Your foal obviously won't be able to eat quite as much as a mature horse, due to its small stomach size. Offering two to three small meals per day, rather than one larger meal, is recommended. The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) notes that a 500- to 600-pound foal that is no longer nursing needs to consume two to three percent of its weight in feed and forage every day.

Vaccinations Will Keep Your Foal Healthy

Colostrum, an antibody-rich liquid present in the mare's milk after the birth of the foal, provides crucial antibodies. Drinking the colostrum helps the foal avoid illness, but this protection wanes within a few months.

Following the recommended vaccination schedule will protect your foal from developing several illnesses. Foals should receive initial vaccinations for West Nile virus, rabies, tetanus, and Eastern or Western Equine Encephalomyelitis between 4 to 6 months, according to AAEP guidelines.

Foals born to unvaccinated mares may need to be vaccinated slightly earlier. Your foal may also need other vaccines, depending on which illnesses are prevalent in your area. Your equine veterinarian will let you know if your foal should receive additional vaccines.

Are you eagerly awaiting the birth of a new foal? Contact our office to schedule your new addition's first appointment.

Sources:

American Association of Equine Practitioners: Core Vaccination Guidelines

Equus: The Right Start: What Foals Need During the First 24 Hours, 7/25/19

American Association of Equine Practitioners: Foal Growth: Special Care and Nutrition

MDPI: Animals: Domestic Foal Weaning: Need for Re-Thinking Breeding Practices?, 2/23/20

Cooperative Extension: Care of the Newborn Foal, 1/31/20

Location

Find us on the map


map(View Larger Map)

Practice Hours

Our Regular Schedule

Monday:

9:30 am-5:00 pm

Tuesday:

9:30 am-5:00 pm

Wednesday:

9:30 am-5:00 pm

Thursday:

9:30 am-5:00 pm

Friday:

9:30 am-5:00 pm

Saturday:

Flexible Schedule

Sunday:

Flexible Schedule

  • "They took great care of my mare! I was able to set up payment over the phone and I got a detailed email with records of what they did and recommendations for future care. I’m pretty impressed with how affordable it was considering the level of care! I’ll definitely be using them from now on."
    Kayleigh Ann L.
  • "Very thorough and just all around wonderful! Took excellent care of my sweet horse!"
    Jennifer C.
  • "For people that take their horses dental health seriously, these are the best care providers & teachers I have found. Their passion about the science of equine dental health is second to none!"
    Dawn B.
  • "Kari,
    Thank you for the great work you did on our horses yesterday. This older mare with the front teeth problem and tongue hanging out is doing great. She is much, much more comfortable eating. Charlie is also doing much better today, visibly more comfortable eating. Thank you for a great job, my horses are so much happier today - makes me feel good to see that."
    Andrea B.
  • "Dear Dr. Marx and Lisa, too,

    This is just to let you know that you have made a huge difference to our old horse's well-being. He is chewing so much better and no longer drops his grain or leaves wads of hay on the ground. Thank you, thank you. We are delighted to have found out about you and the important and great work you do.
    With sincere gratitude,"
    Margot H.
  • "Scott Marx is not only knowledge and talented but he is kind, funny, easy to work with and reasonably priced. You pay for what you get and with Dr. Marx, you get the BEST! He has been my horses’ dentist for 16 years and I hope he will continue to be for the next 16+!"
    Catherine J.
  • "Awesome service- fantastic Equine Dentist!! I will be using them as a regular client."
    Greg S.
  • "Wonderful work. I trust them completely with my horses teeth. Will never use anyone else."
    Jessica P
  • "Dr. Kari Sanderson treated my horse and was wonderful! She explained everything she did and was very patient. I will use them going forward and will recommend them to all of my friends."
    Jessica S.
  • "Very professional and caring. Dr. Sanderson and her assistant took the time my gelding needed to make him comfortable. In addition, she took the time to show me everything she saw, talked through what was done, and future recommendations. Thank you so much for coming to take care of my boy!"
    Audrey A.